5 Elements of a Healthy Skin

What exactly is it that makes skin healthy or unhealthy?

In the simplest and most basic terms, what we call healthy skin – which covers everything from ageing to disorders and general skin health – really boils down to the optimum presence and functioning of only five elements.

If these five elements are present in the right quantity, and the skin continues to produce or receive them, you’ve achieved optimal skin health.


  • Enzyme – enzyme help to rebuild new material in the skin or break old ones down.  The loss and destruction of these cells effect cell activity negatively and causes ageing – fine lines and wrinkles. Vitamin C assist in the rebuilding of these enzymes.
  • Collagen – gives the skin strength.Fibroblast activity is decreased as we age, collagen and elastin are continually produced and repaired by cells called fibroblasts.Increase healthy collagen and elastin to build strength and elasticity of the skin to give structure and reduce wrinkles. Growth Factors assist in improvement of fibroblast activity.
  • Elastin – gives skin elasticity. Cells can not function normally as there is no space due to the presence of elastosis. Vitamin A repairs elastosis.
  • Hyaluronic acid – is essential for moisture retention in the skin which is essential for cell metabolism. If there is lost in moisture it needs to be replaced by Hyaluronic acid into the skin.
  • Fibroblast – are continually produced and repair the skin structure. Cell (Fibroblast) number and activity is decreased as we age. Due to elastosis cells have had no space to generate. Increase new cell numbers and activity with the addition of vitamin C.

In ideal homeostasis of skin, all these vital elements are present in just the right amounts and perform optimally.

And on the flipside, if anything is lacking, broken down or not being produced naturally by the body anymore, skin health deteriorates, leading to the signs of ageing and adverse skin conditions.

What affects these elements in my skin?

Genetics play a role in most of them, as do environmental factors that lead to long-term damage in skin. While some of the five elements above can be reintroduced externally if the body stops producing them, the best way to get long-lasting results is to take a more holistic outlook and consider that the DNA in your skin controls most of these processes anyway. So, how do you protect and repair DNA?

In the video below, Medical Director at Lamelle Research Laboratories, Dr Bradley Wagemaker, looks at optimal skin health, the role of genetics and the need to preserve your natural genes and DNA for ultimately healthier skin.