This is how skin peels fix hyper pigmentation

The long-term treatments for dark spots, freckles and Melasma may differ, but chemical skin peels are ideal for removing existing hyper pigmentation.


Hyper pigmentation is extremely common in our sunny South Africa. And it only gets worse in summer. That’s why chemical skin peels are such a popular choice for achieving and maintaining your ideal tone of skin.

Now, we already know that most conventional sun-protection measures are less than ideal. Even sunscreen offering SPF 50 is only effective about 53% of the time. And, apart from the far longer lasting effects of premature ageing, the sun also causes visible patches of dark, hyperpigmented skin.


What is hyper pigmentation?

All skins contain pigment (colour); some just have a little more than others. But all of us want to have the same, even tone amount of colour in our face. Nobody likes dark spots, splotches or patches of skin, which is why science has long searched for the answers to what is one of the most difficult skin conditions to treat: hyper pigmentation.

If pigmentation is normal – basically the amount of the organic granule melanin contained in skin cells – then hyper pigmentation is an abnormal amount (too much) pigment in the skin. For various reasons, the skin or parts of it starts producing too much melanin, and you’re left with an uneven skin tone and dark spots on the face.

The result is hyper pigmentation: areas of skin with spots, splotches, freckles or patches that are darker the skin around it.


We distinguish between 3 main types of hyper pigmentation :

  • Sun-induced hyper pigmentation

Please note that the sun not only causes this condition by itself, but it will also exacerbate any other or existing hyper pigmentation. Basically, rule one when starting treatment on any kind of hyper pigmentation is: avoid the sun and wear lots and lots of sunscreen – all the time.

This is because the pigment in our skins, melanin, is actually a kind of natural built-in sunscreen. Melanin exists in skin to absorb UV rays, before they can do more serious damage like sunburn or irreparable DNA damage in skin. And the body’s natural response to sun exposure is to create more melanin to try and better protect itself.

But by doing so, the body often creates uneven amounts of melanin, and you’re left with dark spots on the face. Most types of hyper pigmentation you can think of, freckles, sun spots and age spots, are all caused by the sun.

See our article on sun protection for summer here.


  • Hormonal causes such as melasma (common during and after pregnancy)

This one is caused by hormone fluctuations, and almost 70% of pregnant women will experience it to some extent. But, while pregnancy is a big trigger for it, even birth control and the slightest change in oestrogen levels can cause melasma. Thyroid dysfunction is also a possible cause.

What happens is that melanocytes (the cells that produce melanin in the skin) are very sensitive to hormone levels in the body. If there’s a hormone imbalance, melanocytes tend to overproduce melanin. And the dark spots appear.

As mentioned before, the sun makes it worse. Your melasma could disappear with time, but overindulge just a little in the sun and it could come right back.


  • Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation (to do with scarring and acne)

The only time “post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation” is funny, is when you convince your tipsy friend to try and say it fast several times at a party. PIH is discoloration of the skin after it’s been damaged: bad acne, burns, wounds that form scars, excessive skin irritation and some skin disorders. And it is most common or visible in darker skin types.

What happens here is that the injury causes inflammation, and many of the molecules the body naturally releases to the inflamed area have a tendency to “aggravate” melanocytes in the area. These start producing excess melanin and hyper pigmentation is the result. PIH in the top, epidermal layers of skin is sometimes less visible, but when the damage goes as deep as the dermis you could end up seeing a blue-grey skin discoloration.


Treating hyper pigmentation

Long-term treatments may differ for the underlying causes of the different types of hyper pigmentation. But all treatments will contain a more immediate element, for helping you get rid of any existing dark skin in the meantime.


Firstly – Protect

As we’ve already mentioned, sun protection is an absolutely crucial part of treating any kind of pigmentation. It’s a case of wearing sunscreen all the time, every day, to help with the repair and lightening, as well as to prevent recurring hyper pigmentation.

“You need to be diligent with your sunscreen use,” Dr Wagemaker advises. “Preferably wear a hat and stay out of direct sunlight as much as possible. Because this allows those pigment-forming cells to calm down and to work less aggressively.”

Sun protection alone could help lighten most hyper pigmentation within about four to eight weeks. But to fast track recovery, you’ll need to lighten the skin to restore normal skin tone.


In some instances like when hormones are to blame, or severe acne, oral therapies as prescribed by a doctor. This might be necessary to help manage the root causes, but treating the hyper pigmentation itself really comes down to lightening the skin.

This is where specialist treatments such as chemical peels or laser exfoliation come in.


Types of skin peels used for hyper pigmentation:

Your skincare therapist or doctor will advise you which peel is best for your particular case. But, in general, there are three main types of skin peels commonly used to treat hyper pigmentation.

  • Glycolic acid – Part of the fruit acid family, glycolic acid peels are alpha-hydroxy acid and one of the mildest and most popular types of skin peels available. Used to treat epidermal hyper pigmentation (on the surface layers of the skin), it’s an ideal lunchtime peel since there’s no downtime after the treatment.


  • Salicylic acid – Called beta-hydroxy acid, the alpha’s slightly harder working cousin. Salicylic acid peels also exfoliate (make skin shed) the top layers of skin like alpha peels, but they have an added antibacterial effect and helps clean and renew pores in the face.  Salicylic acid peels are used to treat all three types of hyper pigmentation. But, like alpha peels, only a qualified skincare therapist or doctor can do the treatment on you.
  • TCA – TCA is an acid commonly used in medicine to destroy or kill unwanted skin imperfections, such as warts. Thus, TCA peels (a variation specifically designed to be used as a peel on the face) are stronger and penetrate deeper than the other peels. It’s used to treat really deep-seated hyper pigmentation.


The most notable differences between this peel and others are that TCA peels will cause your skin to visibly shed (there might be a little downtime involved)

Because they exfoliate and promote new cell turnover, skin peels speed up the treatment of any kind of hyper pigmentation.

Read more on type of peels in our blog article of – What are chemical peels and how do they work?



How to maintain going forward

Once one’s skin is lightened and the pigmentation returns to normal, using sun protection remains very important. If not only to prevent future flare-ups of hyper pigmentation, then also to combat skin ageing. The two can be closely linked: the same sun that’s causing/worsening hyper pigmentation is also ageing your skin.

That’s why most therapists will recommend a third step to combating hyper pigmentation (and ageing at the same time): Ovelle D3. Made with Pycnogenol®, a patented natural plant extract made from the French Maritime Pine Tree and the most powerful oral antioxidant known to man, Ovelle D3 not only binds to and protects collagen and elastin fibres in skin, but also shuts down collagen breakdown.

Ovelle D3 also reduces pigmentation by 37% (especially hormonally-induced) from the inside. And on top of that, it contains Vitamin D3, which is vital for a healthy nervous system, bones and heart.


To find out more or book a treatment, contact:
079 351 1771




No Comments

Post a Comment


  • Black Head Black Friday⚫️ // Let's clear out the blockage⠀
Do you struggle to keep those constant black heads away?⠀
Blackhead aka comedones are formed due to open pores that are clogged by dead skin cells and sebum. The blocked pore reacts with oxygen in the air, causing it to turn black.⠀
One misconception is that blackheads are dirt in your pores. Blackheads have nothing to do with dirt. When your skin's natural cell turnover process is sluggish, your pores collect a backlog of oil and dead skin cells.
Just remember, that you may not be able to completely rid your skin of comedones, but you can refine your pore size to minimize the appearance of them. ⠀
This is why I would suggest using a retinoid to help increase the cell turnover rate, keeping your pores clear.⠀
Happy weekend 🌿
 #skincare #healthyskin #skintips #blackfriday #comedomes #blackheads #retinol
  • No matter how chaotic life is, wild flowers still bloom.🌿 Throwback Thursday to day shared with inspiring people. 
This little lady really touched my heart me in so many ways. Her journey surviving cancer and positivity make you appreciate every day as a blessing. Rehante you are truly an angel.  #throwbackthursday #photooftheday #beautiful #happy #cancerawareness #motivation
  • About Nicola // "My mom always taught me one thing. If a man looks after his hands he will definitely look after you.⠀
First impressions usually last, and hands can be the way to project that. We greet each other by hand gesture and shaking. Think about it... shaking hands with someone is often your first point of contact with them.⠀
Hand grooming - this is a small detail,that we all should actually pay attention to. ⠀
View our latest blog article on how to take care nail health or book a appointment and let me know you how.⠀
 #nails #healthynails #manicure #skin #mensstyle #skincare #mensgrooming #badhabits #nailbiting #selflove #wellness #loveyourself #mindfulness
  • Skincare Treatment Special || Movember
Purchase any SPF for your male partner or yourself, and get 15% discount on your Skin Ceuticals Pigment Balancing Peel.⠀
Valid until 30th Nov'18⠀
For more information email me at  #skinceuticals #promotion #discount #sunscreen #layersskin #november #lamelle #skincare
  • Whats New (s) // LUNA 2 mini ⠀
Customise your cleansing experience. ⠀
Do you ever feel like your cleanser just doesn't clean your skin enough and you need something more? Something that removes all the dirt and impurities? However, over cleansing with the wrong cleanser can do more harm to your skin than good. So what do you do?⠀
This is when I discovered the LUNA 2.⠀
LUNA 2 is a unisex cleansing tool suitable for all skin types. It drives away dead skin cells and unclogs 99.5% of pores from dirt and oil aka make up. ⠀
And unlike other cleansing devices with bristles that require excess sterilisation and transfer bacteria onto your skin, the LUNA 2 is made from an ultra-hygienic silicone that is nonporous and resist bacteria buildup. Preventing transfer of bacteria (??) and making your skin glow. ⠀
For more info on this product please email me.⠀
#foreo #luna2 #skincare #skincaretips #layerskin #cleanser #cleanskin
  • Saturday skincare tip // ⠀
Remember Sun burn fades but Sun Damages last.⠀
Even on cloud covered days UVA rays damage to your skin is still the same. So wear you SPF daily even when in door or out doors.⠀
Our darken skin types skin will even darken with SPF applied because of the type of melanin by just daily exposure but it is the damage that you want to avoid.⠀
Our lighter skin type are less fortunate and our damage is obtained quicker.⠀
So look after your skin - you would regret the good choices you make today.⠀
#movember #goodchoices #skintips #sundamage #sunburn #uvrays #menskincare #sunscreen
  • Men's Health // Movember 
Skincare / Skin health should be as important to men as it is to women.

As November is the month to bring awareness to men's health issues, such as prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and men's suicide. I think we should also bring awareness to skin health as men actually have a higher rate of skin cancer than women. 
When it comes to the skin, men have thicker, more oily skins with larger pores. 
So cleansing it properly should be essential to avoid build up of dead skin cells, clogging of pores and to make sure you remove the dirt and impurities off the skin.

For all men suffering from beard ingrown hair aka 
Pseudofolliculitis Barbae.

I recommended the Luna 2 - 3-In-1 Facial Scrub Brush, Pre-Shaving& Anti-Aging Device.

Easy to use and resulting in your razor blades to last twice as long. For more info please contact me.  #movember #menskincare #skincaretip #awareness #testicularcancer #prostatecancer #skincancer #skinhealth #layersskin #foreo #luna2 #folliculitis
  • About Nicola // Micro blading best decision I have made!⠀
I am not a tattoo person at all and get bored very quickly with things. So I thought this will never be for me but how pleasantly surprised I was. ⠀
Most people at first glance think my brows are naturally this way. I actually find it to be a complement as they appear natural and that was what I wanted.⠀⠀
I find that brows do frame your eyes and face. So by just applying foundation after my spf in the” morning, my face looks done.⠀
Some indivuals have gorgeous brows and I will say never change them but for those less fortunate like I was - micro blade them. ⠀ 
My micro blading was done my Margaret Osborne permanent make up. Please have a look at her Facebook page.  #microblading #natural #brows #layersskin #aboutme #permanentmakeup #skintips #beautytips